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Online publications

Clean Energy Council 2015, Clean Energy Australia Report 2015,

Climate Commission 2011, The Critical Decade: Climate Change and Health,

Climate Council of Australia 2014, Australia’s Electricity Sector: Ageing, Inefficient and Unprepared,

Corporate Watch 2014, To the Ends of the Earth: A Guide to Unconventional Fossil Fuels,

CSIRO 2014, State of the Climate,

Garnaut, Ross 2011, Climate Change Review 2011,

Greater London Authority 2002, 50 Years On: The Struggle for Air Quality in London Since the Great Smog of 1952,

Greenpeace 2009, HFCs: A Growing Threat to the Climate,

Pope Francis 2015, Laudato Si, Libreria Editrice Vaticana,

Russell, Rollo 1880, London Fogs,

South Coast Air Quality Management District, 1997, The Southland’s War on Smog: 
Fifty Years of Progress Toward Clean Air,

United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) 2012, The Emissions Gap Report 2012,




American Chemical Society: Climate Science Toolkit,

Aspen Global Change Institute: The Atmosphere,

Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology: Ultraviolet (UV) / Ozone Frequently Asked Question,

Australian Government Clean Energy Regulator: Renewable Energy Target: History of the Scheme,

Australian Government Department of Environment and Energy: Climate Change,

Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy: National Pollution Inventory,

Australian Government: Your Home: Energy,

Beta Analytic Radiocarbon Dating: Radiocarbon Dating: An Introduction,

Boundless: Methane-Producing Archaea: Methanogens,

California Clean Cars Campaign,

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center,

Chemistry Explained,


Climate Central,

Climate Change Past and Present: Discovery of the Ice Ages,

Climate Code Red,

CO2 earth,

Coal Mining History Resource Centre, [dead link]

Durham Mining Museum,

Earth Observatory,

Encyclopaedia Britannica,, John Tyndall,

Environmental Protection Authority Victoria,


Famous Scientists,, Geology and Resources of Some World Oil-Shale Deposits

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Australian Government Department of Environment and Energy, Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer,

NASA: Global Climate Change: NASA’s Role, The study of Earth as an integrated system,

NASA Quest,

NASA’s Cosmos,

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Centre: Ozone Hole Watch,

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: National Centers for Envirionmental Information,

New York State Department of Health: Fine Particles (PM 2.5) Questions and Answers,

Oceana: Protecting the World’s Oceans,

Oil and Gas Geology,

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries,

Our Energy Use in Numbers,

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,

Past Climates on Earth,

Planet Ark: National Recycling Week,

Scripps Institution of Oceanography: The Keeling Curve,

Skeptical Science: Getting Skeptical about Global Warming Skepticism,

Solar Facts and Advice,,

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion,

The Carboniferous Period,

The Energy Collective: Our Energy Use in Numbers,

The Global Carbon Project,

The Illustrated History of Wind Power Development,

The Ozone Hole,

United States Environmental Protection Agency,

Universe Today,

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research,

US Department of Energy: Fossil Energy,

Paleoenvironmental studies,


Wind Energy Foundation: The History of Wind Energy,

Windows to the Universe: Climate,

Windows to the Universe: Earth’s Atmosphere,

World Meteorological Organization,

World Wildlife Fund,


Articles and blog posts

‘A Day at the Yorkshire Worsted Factories’, Knight’s Penny Magazine, vol. 13, Jan 1844, pp. 33–40, Google Books

‘About Coal Seam Gas’, Lock the Gate Alliance, 14 Aug 2015,

‘An Undeniable Problem in Antarctica’, Understanding Science: How Science Really Works,

‘Benefits of Renewable Energy Use’, Union of Concerned Scientists,

‘Carboniferous Period’, National Geographic, ND,

‘Causes of Drought: What’s the Climate Connection?’, Union of Concerned Scientists,

‘Charles David Keeling Biography’, Scripps CO2 Program, 2016,

‘China Pollution Levels Hit 20 Times Safe Limit’, The Guardian, 10 Oct 2104,

‘China Vehicle Population Hits 240 Million as Smog Engulfs Cities’, Bloomberg, 1 Feb 2013,

‘China’s Industrial Revolution is Happening on a New Planet’, The Conversation, 18 Sep 2013,

‘CO2 Emissions Up 3% in 2011, Australia Worst On Per-Capita Basis’, The Australian, 20 Jul 2012,


‘Delhi Replaces Beijing As The World’s Most Polluted City’, The Australian, 31 Jan 2014,

‘Earth’s Oldest Ice: A History of Polar Ice-core Research’, Nature Reports, ND,

‘Frederick Seitz’, The Telegraph, 14 Mar 2008,

‘Global Warming Science and the Wars — Guy Callendar’, Hub Pages, 12 Feb 2016,

‘History of the Ozone Layer’, ND,

‘How is Coal Formed: A Process Spanning Eras’, Planete Energies, 7 Jul 2015,

‘James Watt (1736–1819)’, BBC History,

‘Interactive Timeline: John Tyndall’, The Royal Institution,

‘Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier’, History of Mathematics Archive,

‘Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier’, NNDB,

‘Joe Farman Obituary’, The Guardian, 16 May 2013,

‘John Tyndall: A Contemporary Biography, 1888’, The Athenaeum: Science History And Biography Books And Ephemera,

‘Mario J Molina ­ Biographical’, Nobel Prizes and Laureates, 2007,

‘Milutin Milankovic’, European Geophysical Society, ND,

‘Pollen and Climate Change’, Global Greenhouse Warming, 2016,

‘Sherwood Rowland, Cfcs, Ozone Depletion and the Public Role of Scientists’, Real Climate: Climate Science from Climate Scientists, 13 Mar 2012,

‘The East is Grey’, The Ecomomist, 8 Aug 2013,

‘The oldest ice core – Finding a 1.5 million-year record of Earth’s climate’, European Geosciences Union, 5 Nov 2013,

‘The study of Earth as an Integrated System’, NASA,

‘Theory of the Ice Age; Global Cooling and Warming (1834–1841)’, History of Information,

‘Victorian Britain: Children at Work,’ BBC Primary History,

‘Visualising Australia’s Carbon Emissions’, The Conversation, 28 Feb 2014,

‘What is Radiocarbon Dating and How Does it Work, The Conversation, 28 Nov 2012

‘Who was John Evelyn?’, British Library Feature, N.D.,

‘Why Is Electricity Consumption Decreasing In Australia?’, The Conversation, 21 Dec 2013,

‘Why the Oil Price is Falling’, The Economist, 8 Dec 2014,

‘World Reserves of Fossil Fuels, 2016,

Applegate, Zoe, ‘Guy Stewart Callendar: Global Warming Discovery Marked’, BBC News Online, 26 Apr 2013,

Arup, Tom, ‘Link Between Wind Farms and Health Problems Rejected by Research Review’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 24 Feb 2014,

Baker, Andy, ‘When the Mites Go Up…’, Real Climate: Climate Science for Climate Scientists, 22 Jan 2007,

Bellows, Alan 2007, ‘The Ethyl Poisoned Earth’, Damn Interesting, article #299,

Biello, David, ‘400 PPM: Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere Reaches Prehistoric Levels’, Scientific America, 9 May 2013,

Biello, David, ‘How to Use Solar Energy at Night’, Scientific American, 18 Feb 2009,

Bonner, James, ‘Arie Jan Haagen-Smit’, Biographical Memoirs, vol. 58, 1989, pp.189–217,

Carrington, David, ‘Global Carbon Dioxide in Atmosphere Passes Milestone Level’, The Guardian, 11 May 2013,

Childs, Martin, ‘Joe Farman: Scientist Who First Uncovered the Hole in the Ozone Layer’, The Independent, 21 May 2013,

Chivers, Danny, ‘The Frack Files’, New Internationalist, Dec 2013, pp. 10–26

Clarke, Sarah, ‘Climate Commission Report Says 80 Per Cent of Fossil Fuel Reserves Must Stay in the Ground’, ABC News, 26 Jun 2013,

Clutton-Brock, Juliet, ‘How the Beasts Were Tamed’, New Scientist, issue 1808, 15 Feb 1992

Connor, Kirsteen, ‘There’s Something in the Air’, Wellcome Library Blog, 20 Nov 2013,

Cook, John et al, ‘Quantifying The Consensus On Anthropogenic Global Warming In The Scientific Literature’, IOPScience, 15 May 2013,;jsessionid=0BCDE5D3CE669FC65D99D256AB7BB7CE.ip-10-40-2-73

Cusick, Daniel, ‘Fossil Fuel Use Continues to Rise’, Scientific American, 25 Oct 2013,

Eldredge, Sandy and Viek, Bob, ‘Ice Ages ­ What are They and What Causes Them?’, Survey Notes, vol. 42, no. 3, Sep 2010, Utah Geological Survey,

Fitzpatrick, Mike, ‘Iron and Steel’, Open Learn, ND,

Fortini, Amanda, ‘Cutting Through the Smog: What L.A.’s story can teach the rest of us’, The Slate, 22 Dec 2008,

Frankel, Andrew, ‘Bertha Benz — The Mother of Motoring’, The Telegraph, 3 Sep 2013,

gmoke, ‘Three Inventions of Thomas Midgley Jr, the First Geoengineer’, DailyKos, 27 Jan 2010,

Goldenberg, Suzanne, ‘2014 Officially The Hottest Year On Record’, The Guardian, 17 Jan 2015,

Goldenberg, Suzanne, ‘Conservative Groups Spend up to $1bn a Year to Fight Action on Climate Change’, The Guardian, 21 Dec 3013,

Goldenberg, Suzanne, ‘Just 90 Companies Caused Two-thirds of Man-made Global Warming Emissions’, The Guardian, 21 Nov 2013,

Gramling, Carolyn, ‘Ozone-depleting Chemical Still Seeping into Atmosphere’, Science, 22 Aug 2014,

Hevesi, Dennis, ‘Bert Bolin, 82, Is Dead; Led U.N. Climate Panel’, The New York Times, 4 Jan 2008,

Hevesi, Dennis, ‘Frederick Seitz, 96, Dies; Physicist Who Led Skeptics of Global Warming’, The New York Times, 6 Mar 2008,

Hill, Jess, ‘Power Corrupts: How Network Companies Lined their Pockets and Drove Electricity Prices Through the Roof’, The Monthly, July 2014,

Holmes, Stanley, ‘Nike Goes for The Green’, Bloomerg, 25 Sep 2006,

Huang, Xiayi, ‘Car ownership modeling and forecasts for China’, Digital Commons, 20ll,

Kaiman, Jonathan, ‘China’s Toxic Air Pollution Resembles Nuclear Winter, Say Scientists’, The Guardian, 26 Feb 2014,

Kerr Richard A, ‘From Burning Dung to Global Warming and Back Again’, Science, vol. 326, 16 Oct 2009, pp. 326–363

Ketson, David A, ‘Joseph Fourier: Politician & Scientist’, ND, Today in Science History,

Khan, Natasha, ‘Choking China’, Bloomberg17 May 2016,

Kitman, Jamie Lincoln, ‘The Secret History of Lead’, The Nation, 20 Mar 2000 issue,

Kovarik, Bill 1994, ‘The Ethyl conflict & the media’, personal website,

Larsen, Janet, ‘2013 Marked the Thirty-seventh Consecutive Year of Above-Average Temperature’, Earth Policy Institute website,

Lehmann, Geoffrey; Farrell, Peter & Warburton, Dick, ‘The Intellegent Voter’s Guide to Global Warming (Part I)’, Quadrant, 1 Mar 2011,

Lejenäs, Harald, ‘In Memoriam: Bert Bolin’, Tellus, 22 Aug 2008,

Lira, Carl, ‘Biography of James Watt’, Steam History, 2001­2013,

Maddison, Melissa, ‘Collinsville Solar Thermal Power Plant Plans Shelved Over Economic Feasibility Doubts’, ABC News, 10 Jul 2014,

Maranzani, Barbara, ‘Bertha Benz Hits the Road’, History in the Headlines, 5 Aug 2013,

McDonell, Stephen, ‘Beijing Smog Prompts World Health Organisation To Declare Crisis’, ABC News, 26 Feb 2014,

McKenzie, Amanda, ‘Inaction Will Cost Us Our Future’, ABC News, 29 Sep 2010,

Morton, Oliver, ‘Ice Station Vostok’, Wired, 4 Jan 2000,

Nuccitelli, Dana, ‘Survey Finds 97% Of Climate Science Papers Agree Warming Is Man-Made’, The Guardian, 16 May 2013,

Nuzzo, Regina, ‘Biography of Veerabhadran Ramanathan’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 102, no. 15,

Onishi, Norimitsu, ‘Trying to Stop Cattle Burps From Heating Up Planet,’ The New York Times, 13 Jul 2010,

Parkinson, Giles, ‘Wind Energy Cut Electricity Prices by 40% in Heatwaves’, Renew Economy, 28 Feb 2014,

Pearce, Fred, ‘Bert Bolin: Meteorologist and First Chair of the IPCC Who Cajoled the World into Action on Climate Change’, The Independent, 5 Jan 2008,

Pearce, Fred, ‘Four Banned Ozone Depleters Detected in the Atmosphere’, New Scientist, 9 Mar 2014,

Pettinger, Tejvan, ‘List of CO2 Emissions per Capita’, Economics Help, 3 Nov 2012,

Philpott, Tom, ‘A Brief History of Our Deadly Addiction to Nitrogen Fertilizer’, Mother Jones, 19 Aug 3013,

Pitts, James N Jnr & Stephens, Edgar R, ‘The Pioneers: Arie Jan Haagen-Smit 1900–1977’, Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, vol. 28, issue 5, May 1978, pp. 516–517

Plumer, Brad, ‘One Billion Vehicles Hit the Road. Are We Ready for Two Billion?’, The Washington Post, 22 Aug 2011,

Readfearn Graham, ‘Failure to Deal with Ethics Will Make Climate Engineering “Unviable”, The Guardian, 1 Aug 2014,

Russell, Randy M, ‘Coral Reef Cores: Paleoclimate Proxy Records’, 2010, UCAR Educational Outreach,

Sorkhabi, Rasoul, ‘How Much Oil in the Middle East?’, GeoExPro, 2014, vol. 11, no.1,

Sullivan, Walter, ‘Study Finds Warming Trend That Could Raise Sea Levels’, The New York Times, 22 Aug 1981,

Talberg, Anita; Hui, Simeon & Loynes, Kate, ‘Australian Climate Change Policy: A Chronology’, Pariliamant of Australia,

Taylor, Lenore, ‘Renewable Energy Chiefs: Ministers Said We Would Receive RET Compensation’, The Guardian, 29 Aug 2014,

Thornhill Ted, ‘They Can See Clearly Now: Smog Which Has Blanketed Beijing Finally Lifts As Cold Weather Sweeps In’, Daily Mail Australia, 28 Feb 2014,

Tully, Andy, ‘How Long Will World’s Oil Reserves Last? 53 Years, Says BP’, The Christian Science Monitor, 14 July 2014,

Vaughan, Adam, ‘Paris Climate Deal: Key Points at a Glance’, The Guardian, 13 Dec 2015,

Vetello, Paul, ‘Joseph Farman, 82, is Dead: Discovered Ozone Hole’, The New York Times, 18 May 2013,

Walsh, Bryan, ‘Heroes of the Environment 2008: Soren Hermansen’, Time, 24 Sep 2008,,28804,1841778_1841782_1841789,00.html

Whitehouse, David, ‘Russia Abandons Ice Station Vostok’, BBC News, 4 Mar 2003,

Williams, Florence, ‘A Mighty Wind’, Outside, 16 Jan 2007,

Wolff, Eric, ‘Ice Cores: A Window into Climate History’, Allianz, 4 Aug 2010,



A Day in the Life of a Wigan Coal Miner 1911,

A History of Earth’s Climate, SciShow, 2013,

Crude: The Incredible Journey of Oil, 2007

Studying Ice Cores in Antartica, 2012, Natural History Museum,

The History of Oil,



Podcasts, radio programs, transcripts

‘Rise of the Factories’, BBC History Extra podcast 15 Nov 2013

‘Scientists to Drill Record-breaking Ice Core’, Radio National Breakfast, 11 Jun 2014,

‘Joe Farman’, My Century, BBC World Service, transcript, broadcast 6 Jul 1999,


Personal communication


Special thanks to these experts who were kind enough to respond to my emails:


Malcolm W Wallace, School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne

Bruce A Bauer, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

William F Ruddiman, University of Virginia

Amanda McKenzie, Climate Council

Veerabhadran Ramanathan, Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Eve Fisher, Surf Coast Shire

Ralph Keeling, Scripps Institution of Oceanography