1910, The Pastoral Homes of Australia, Pastoralists’ Review, Melbourne

Arkley, Lindsey 2000, The Hated Protector: The Story of Charles Wightman Sievwright, Protector of Aborigines 1839–42, Orbit Press, Mentone

Black Day Sun Rises Blood Runs 2017, Bunjilaka Aboriginal Cultural Centre, Melbourne Museum (video)

Black, M 2016, Up Came a Squatter: Neil Black of Glenormiston, 1839–1880, NewSouth Publishing, Sydney

Broome, Richard (2005), “Transformations: 1850-1886: ‘A Miserable Spadeful of Ground’”, in Broome, Richard, Aboriginal Victorians: A History Since 1800, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest NSW

Bulbeck, Chilla 1991, “Aborigines, memorials and the history of the frontier”, Australian Historical Studies, 25(96): 168–178, Dept of History, University of Melbourne, Parkville

Clark, I D (ed.) 1988, The Port Phillip Journals of George Augustus Robinson: 8 March–7 April 1842 and 18 March-29 April 1843, Dept. of Geography Monash University

Clark, Ian D 1995, Scars in the Landscape: A Register of Massacre Sites in Western Victoria 1803–1859, Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Canberra

Corangamite Arts Council 2006, If These Walls Could Talk: Report of the Corangamite Dry Stone Wall Conservation Project, Corangamite Arts Council,

Coutts, P J F 1978, Readings in Victorian Prehistory, vol. 2 “The Victorian Aboriginals 1800 to 1860”, Victoria Archaeological Survey, Ministry for Conservation, Melbourne

Critchett, J 1992, A Distant Field of Murder: Western District Frontiers, 1834–1848, Melbourne University Press, Carlton

Dawson, J 1881, Australian Aborigines: The Languages and Customs of Several Tribes of Aborigines in the Western District of Victoria, George Robertson, Melbourne

Dingle, T 1985, “Pastoralists, Farmers and the Changing Landscape of the Western District” in Sherwood et al (eds), Settlement of the Western District, from Prehistoric Times to the Present, Warrnambool Institute Press, Warrnambool

Gleick, J 2016, Time Travel: A History, 4th Estate, London

Goad, Philip & Wills Julie eds 2012, The Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture,Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne

Gott, Beth 1983, “Murnong – Microseris Scapigera: A Study of a Staple Food of Victorian Aborigines”, Australian Aboriginal Studies, 1983 2: 2–17

Journal of Neil Black 1804–1880, Manuscript, State Library of Victoria

Kiddle, M 1961, Men of Yesterday: A Social History of the Western District of Victoria 1834–1890, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne

Koorie Tourism Unit 1989, Murdering Gully, Research Paper, unpublished manuscript

Le Griffon, H 2006, Campfire  at the Cross: An Account of the Bunting Dale Aboriginal Mission 1839–1851 at Birregurra, near Colac, Victoria: With a Biography of Francis Tuckfield, Australian Scholarly Publishing, North Melbourne

Lucas, Clive 1993, Australian Country Houses: Homesteads, Farmsteads and Rural Retreats, Landsdowne, Sydney

Manifold, W G 1984, The Wished-For Land: The Migration and Settlement of the Manifolds in Western Victoria, Neptune Press, Geelong

Massola, Aldo 1970, Journey to Aboriginal Victoria, Rigby, Melbourne

McAlpine, R A 1965, The Shire of Hampton 1863–1963, Terang Express Print

Memmott, Paul 2007, Gunyah, Goondie + Wurley: The Aboriginal Architecture of Australia, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia

Pascoe, Bruce 2007, Convincing Ground: Learning to Fall in Love with Your Country, Aboriginal Studies, Canberra ACT

Pascoe, Bruce 2016, Dark Emu: Black Seeds: Agriculture or Accident?, Magabala Books, Broome WA

Shaw, M T 1969, On Mount Emu Creek: The Story of a Nineteenth-century Victorian Sheep Station, Robertson and Mullens, Melbourne

Sherwood, J; Critchett, J & O’Toole, K (eds)1985, Settlement of the Western District from Prehistoric Times to the Present: Proceedings of a Public Lecture Series Held in Warrnambool, 3 November 1984, Warrnambool Institute Press

Willingham, A 1997, The Fairest Possible Prospect: The Story of the Camperdown Clock Tower, Allan Willingham, North Fitzroy


Journal Articles

Builth, Heather 2009, “Intangible Heritage of Indigenous Australians: A Victorian Example”, Journal of Historic Environment, Vol. 22 (3) 2009

Clark, I D 1990, Aboriginal Languages and Clans 1800–1900: An Historical Atlas of Western and Central Victoria, Dept of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University

Gibbins, Helen 2010, “Possum Skins Cloaks: Tradition, Continuity and Change”, The LaTrobe Journal, No. 85 May 2010

Sievwright, Charles 1839–40, “Enclosing a Copy of a Letter from B. Hurst Regarding the Murder of Aborigines in his District”, Unregistered Inward Correspondence to the Chief Protector of Aborigines – Reports and Returns, VPRS 11 P0 6 Item 280, Public Record Office of Victoria


Online Resources

Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue, http://www.dsl.ac.uk

Klein, Christopher, DNA Study Finds Aboriginal Australians Oldest Civilization, History.com, 2016, www.history.com/news/dna-study-finds-aboriginal-australians-worlds-oldest-civilization

Colonial Frontier Massacres in Central and Eastern Australia 1788-1930, University of Newcastle, Australia,https://c21ch.newcastle.edu.au/colonialmassacres/

Davidson Helen and Wahlquist, Calla, Australian Dig Finds Evidence of Aboriginal Habitation up to 80,000 Years Ago, The Guardian, 20 Jul 2017

Digital Map Records 250 Indigenous Massacres, More Predicted, Australian Geographic, 27 Jul 2018,

Weule, Genelle and James, Felicity, Indigenous Rock Shelter in Top End Pushes Australia’s Human History Back to 65,000 Years, ABC News, 20 Jul 2017

Map of Indigenous Massacres Grows to Include More Sites of Violence Across Australia, ABC News, 27 Jul 2018

Evidence of 250 Massacres of Indigenous Australians Mapped, Calla Wahlquist, The Guardian, 27 Jul 2018, www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2018/jul/27/evidence-of-250-massacres-of-indigenous-australians-mapped


Newspaper Articles

“To the Editor of the Port Phillip Gazette”, Port Phillip Gazette, 17 Aug 1839, p.3

“The Blacks”, Geelong Advertiser, 12 Dec 1840, p. 2

“The Blacks”, Geelong Advertiser, 27 Mar 1841, p. 2

“The Blacks, Committal, Mr Hurst”, Geelong Advertiser, 29 Nov 1841

“The Rev. Benjamin Hurst”, Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser, 6 Dec 1841, p.2

“Massacre: Charlie Still Finds signs of Lost People”, The Standard (Warrnambool), 2 Jan 1993, p.15

“1839 Murder on Mt Emu Creek”, unknown newspaper, 8 Jun 1993